List of publications by department members

The effect of dexamethasone on biomarkers of inflammation and neuronal damage in patients with hip fracture: A secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial
Kluger MT, Skarin M, Collier J, Rice DA, et al.
European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2023; 40(5):372-377

A combination of high preoperative pain and low radiological grade of arthritis is associated with a greater intensity of persistent pain 12 months after total knee arthroplasty
Klasan A, Rice DA, Kluger MT, et al.
The Bone & Joint Journal 2022; 104-B(11):1202-1208

'Water challenge' to improve diagnostic accuracy in gastric point-of-care ultrasound
Sidhu NS
Anaesthesia Reports 2022; 10:e12192

Atypical gastric ultrasound appearance immediately after food intake
Sidhu NS, Robertson K
Anaesthesia Reports 2022; 10:e12191

Competency domains of educators in medical, nursing, and health sciences education: an integrative review
Sidhu NS, Allen KJ, Civil N, et al
Medical Teacher 2022; 45(1):1-10

Neglect-like symptoms and their relationships with other clinical features in people with hand osteoarthritis: an exploratory study
Magni N, Collier J, Rice D
Musculoskeletal Science and Practice 2022; 62:102662

Development of a prediction model to determine responders to conservative treatment in people with symptomatic hand osteoarthritis: a secondary analysis of a single-centre, randomised feasibility trial
Magni N, Rice D, McNair P
Musculoskeletal Science and Practice 2022; 62:102659

Mobilisation or immobilisation-based treatments for first carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis with subgroup analyses
Magni NE, McNair PJ, Rice DA.
Hand Therapy 2022; Jun 1:17589983221083994

Factors associated with persistent opioid use 6-12 months after primary total knee arthroplasty
Kluger MT, Rice DA, Borotkanics R, et al.
Anaesthesia 2022; 77(8):882-891

Development of a direct observation of procedural skills tool for gastric ultrasound
Sidhu NS, White C, Pozaroszczyk
Anaesthesia 2022; 77(6):712-714

The effect of intra-operative hypotension on acute kidney injury, postoperative mortality and length of stay following emergency hip fracture surgery
Kluger MT, Collier JMK, Borotkanics R, van Schalkwyk JM, Rice DA
Anaesthesia 2022; 77(2):164-174

Six weeks of resistance training (plus advice) vs advice only in hand osteoarthritis: a single-blind, randomised, controlled feasibility trial
Magni N, McNair P, Rice DA
Musculoskeletal Science and Practice 2022; 57:102491

Steroids to reduce the impact on delirium (STRIDE): a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled feasibility trial of pre-operative dexamethasone in people with hip fracture
Kluger MT, Skarin M, Collier J, Rice DA, McNair PJ, Deow MY, Connolly MJ
Anaesthesia 2021; 76(8):1031-1041

The association between labour epidural case volume and the rate of accidental dural puncture.
Sidhu N, Cavadino A, Ku H, Kerckhoffs, Lowe M
Anaesthesia 2021; 76(8):1060-1067

Impairments in grip and pinch force accuracy and steadiness in people with osteoarthritis of the hand: a case-control comparison
Magni NE, McNair PJ, Rice DA
Musculoskeletal Science and Practice 2021; 55:102432

Neuropathic pain in hand osteoarthritis: a cross-sectional study
Magni N, Collier J, McNair P, Rice DA
J Clin Med 2021; 10(19):4439

Central sensitisation in chronic pain conditions: latest discoveries and their potential for precision medicine
Nijs J, …… Rice D, …. Curatolo M
Lancet Rheumatology 2021; 3:e383-e392

The prevalence, characteristics and impact of chronic pain in people with muscular dystrophies: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Huang M, Magni N, Rice D
Journal of Pain 2021; 22(11):1343-1359

Experimental hand and knee pain cause differential effects on corticomotor excitability
Rice D, Lewis G, Graven-Nielsen T, Lether R, McNair P
Journal of Pain 2021; 22(7):789-796

The shoulder block
Shukla B, Chaddock M, Price D.
Anaesthesia Tutorial Of The Week 2021; 453:1

The 777 planner: improving the resuscitation call experience at North Shore Hospital
Gibbons D, Rasanathan D, Heap N, Wallace J
NZMJ 2021; 134(1530):48-56

A higher grey matter density in the amygdala and midbrain is associated with persistent pain following total knee arthroplasty
Lewis G, ….. Rice DA, Kluger M, McNair P
Pain Medicine 2020; 21(2):3393-3400

The association between primary language and quality of recovery following Caesarean section: a prospective observational study
Brinkler R, Edwards M
International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2020; 44:68-73

Stretch reflex changes in ACL-deficient individuals and healthy controls during normal and surprise landings
Konishi Y, McNair P, Rice D, Ochiai S, Hagino T
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 2020; 30(12):2342-2351

Impaired regulation of sub maximal force after ACL reconstruction: role of muscle spindles
Rice D, Lewis G, McNair P
Int J Sports Med 2020; DOI:10.1055/a-1292-4461

Interviewer bias in selection of anaesthesia fellows: a single-institution quality assessment study.
Sidhu N, Pearce C, Cavadino A
Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 2020; 48(5):358-365

Gender effects in anaesthesia training in Australia and New Zealand.
Pearce G, Sidhu N, Cavadino A, Shrivathsa A, Seglenieks R.
BJA 2020; 124(3):e70-e76

Recommendations and resources for regional anaesthesia fellowships in Australia and New Zealand.
Sidhu N, Chuan A, Mitchell C.
Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 2019; 47(5):452-460

Exercise-induced hypoalgesia in pain-free and chronic pain populations: state of the art and future directions
Rice D, Nijs J, et al
Journal of Pain 2019; 20(11):1249-1266

The prevalence, impact, and risk factors for persistent pain after breast cancer surgery in a New Zealand population.
Chiang DLC, Rice DA, Helsby NA, Somogyi AA, Kluger MT
Pain Medicine 2019; 20(9):1803-1814

Post-operative mortality rates for neck of femur fracture at Waitemata District Health Board.
Kirk RJ, Lawes CM, Farrington W, Misur P, Walker ML, Kluger M, Seow MY, Andrew P.
New Zealand Medical Journal 2019; 132:1490

Pops and clicks: supplemented, not replaced
Price D.
Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine 2019; 44:135-136

Gender effects in medical education: implications for training and gender equity in regional anesthesia.
Sidhu N, Civil N.
Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine 2019; 44:494-498

Best evidence rehabilitation for chronic pain part 5: osteoarthritis
Rice D, McNair P, Huysmans E, Letzen J, Finan P
Journal of Clinical Medicine 2019; 8(11):1769

Orthostatic intolerance following hip arthroplasty: incidence, risks factors and effect on length of stay. A prospective cohort study.
Skarin MU, Rice DA, McNair PJ, Kluger MT.
European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2019; 36(2):123-129

A pilot study to assess the effect of a deliberate teaching tool in clinical anaesthesiology.
Sidhu N, Chan A, Lee E, Clissold E, Huddart S.
MedEdPublish 2019; 8(1):8

Deliberate teaching tools for clinical teaching encounters: a critical scoping review and thematic analysis to establish definitional clarity.
Sidhu N, Edwards M.
Medical Teacher 2019; 41(3):282-296

Experimental knee pain impairs joint torque and rate of force development in isometric and isokinetic muscle activation
Rice D, Mannion J, Lewis G, et al
European Journal of Applied Physiology 2019; 119:2065-2073

International Fragility Fracture Network Delphi consensus statement on the principles of anaesthesia for patients with hip fracture.
White SM, Altermatt F, Barry J, ….. Kluger M, et al.
Anaesthesia 2018; 73(7):863-874

Preoperative assessment of the pregnant patient undergoing nonobstetric surgery.
Webb MP, Helander EM, Meyn AR, Flynn T, Urman RD, Kaye AD.
Anesthesiology Clinics 2018: 36:627-637

Persistent postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty: a prospective cohort study of potential risk factors.
Rice DA, Kluger MT, McNair PJ, Lewis N, Somogyi AA, Borotkanics R, Barratt DT, Walker M.
BJA 2018; 121(4):804-812

Developing and validating a tool for measuring the educational environment in clinical anesthesia.
Sidhu NS, Clissold E.
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia 2018; 65(11):1228-1239

Transcranial direct current stimulation for upper limb neuropathic pain: a double-blind randomized controlled trial.
Lewis GN, Rice DA, Kluger M, McNair PJ.
European Journal of Pain 2018; 22(7):1312-1320

Tanezumab: a selective humanized mAb for chronic lower back pain.
Webb MP, Helander EM, Menard BL, Urman RD, Kaye AD.
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management 2018; 14:361-367

Videolaryngoscopy vs. fibreoptic bronchoscopy for awake tracheal intubation: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Alhomary M, Ramadan E, Curan E, Walsh SR.
Anaesthesia 2018; 73(9):1151-1161

Twelve-year follow-up of chronic pain in twins: changes in environmental and genetic influence over time
Burri A, Ogata S, Rice D, Williams F
European Journal of Pain 2018; 22(8):1439-1447

Ethnic- and sex-related differences in pain characteristics, psychological distress and pain-related disability in patients attending a New Zealand teaching hospital pain service.
Burri A, Rice D, Kluger N, Kluger M.
New Zealand Medical Journal 2018; 131:1470

Structural brain alterations before and after total knee arthroscopy: a longitudinal assessment
Lewis G, Parker R, Sharma S, Rice D, McNair P.
Pain Medicine 2018; 19(11):2166-2176

Sensorimotor performance and function in people with osteoarthritis of the hand: a case-control comparison
Magni N, McNair P, Rice D
Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism 2018; 47(5):676-682

Pain catastrophizing, neuroticism, fear of pain, and anxiety: defining the genetic and environmental factors in a sample of female twins
Burri A, Ogata S, Rice D, Williams F
PLoS one 2018; 13(3):e0194562

Use of regional anesthesia techniques: analysis of institutional Enhanced Recovery After Surgery protocols for colorectal surgery
Helander EM, Webb MP, Bias M, Whang EE, Kaye AD, Urman RD.
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 2017; 27(9)

Low versus standard urine output targets in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery: a randomized noninferiority trial.
Puckett JR, Pickering JW, Palmer S, McCall JL, Kluger MT, De Zoysa J, Endre Z, Soop M.
Annals of Surgery 2017; 265(5):874-881

Perioperative management of a large, late presenting phaeochromocytoma.
Macrosson D, Love A.
BMJ Case Reports 2017; doi:10.1136/bcr-2016-218126

Maternal knowledge of the impact of obesity on complications relevant to obstetric anesthetic care.
Tulp MJ, McDermott LF, Paech MJ, Nathan EA.
Journal of Obstetric Anaesthesia and Critical Care 2017; 7(1):37-42

The effects of resistance training on muscle strength, joint pain, and hand function in individuals with hand osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Magni N, McNair P, Rice D
Arthritis Research & Therapy 2017; 19(1):1-11

Pain catastrophizing is not associated with spinal nociceptive processing in people with chronic widespread pain
Rice D, Parker R, Lewis G, Kluger M, McNair P
Clin J Pain 2017; 33(9):804-810

TENS alleviates muscle weakness attributable to attenuation of Ia afferents
Konishi Y, McNair P, Rice D
International Journal of Sports Medicine 2017; 38(3):253-257

The association between corticomotor excitability and motor skill learning in people with painful hand arthritis
Parker R, Lewis G, Rice D, McNair P
Clin J Pain 2017; 33(3):222-230

Development and initial outcomes of an upper gastrointestinal multi-disciplinary clinic.
Brown A, Wylie N, Rodgers M, Casement J, McIlree N, Gray L, Mulholland G, Volkova V, van der Watt E, Booth M, Koea JB.
New Zealand Medical Journal 2016; 129(1437):6932

An analysis of 1505 consecutive patients receiving continuous interscalene analgesia at home: a multicentre prospective safety study.
Fredrickson MJ, Leightley P, Wong A, Chaddock M, Abeysekera A, Frampton C.
Anaesthesia 2016; 71:373-379

Is motor cortical excitability altered in people with chronic pain? A systematic review and meta-analysis
Parker R, Lewis G, Rice D, McNair P
Brain Stimulation 2016; 9(4):488-500

Anaesthesia teaching for medical students.
Smith NA, Ellard L, Sidhu N, Overton MJ.
Australasian Anaesthesia 2015; p165-172

Teaching and learning in undergraduate anaesthesia: a quantitative and qualitative analysis of practice at the University of Auckland.
Sidhu N, Weller J, Mitchell S.
Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 2015; 43:740-749

Experimental knee pain impairs sub maximal force steadiness in isometric, eccentric, and concentric muscle actions.
Rice DA, McNair PJ, Lewis GN, Mannion J.
Arthritis Research & Therapy 2015; 17:259

The effects of experimental knee pain on lower limb corticospinal and motor cortex excitability.
Rice DA, Graven-Nielsen T, Lewis GA, McNair PJ, Dalbeth N.
Arthritis Research & Therapy 2015; 17:204

The teaching portfolio as a professional development tool for anaesthetists.
Sidhu N.
Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 2015; 43:328-334

Anaphylaxis is more common with rocuronium and succinylcholine then with atracurium.
Reddy JI, Cooke PJ, van Schalkwyk JM, Hannam JA, Fitzharris P, Mitchell SJ.
Anesthesiology 2015; 122:39-45

Predictors of persistent pain after total knee arthroscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Lewis GN, Rice DA, McNair PJ, Kluger M.
BJA 2015; 114:551-561

The effects of joint aspiration and intra-articular corticosteroid injection on flexion reflex excitability, quadriceps strength and pain individuals with knee synovitis: a prospective observational study
Rice D, McNair P, Lewis G, Dalbeth
Arthritis Research & Therapy 2015; 17(191):1

Subconscious manipulation of pain expectation can modulate cortical nociceptive processing
Lewis G, Leys A, Rice D, McNair P
Pain Practice 2015; 15(2):117-123

The utility of single nucleotide DNA variations as predictors of postoperative pain.
Jacobson GM, Law CJ, Johnston H, Chaddock M, Kluger M, Cursons RTM, Sleigh JW.
J Anesth Clin Res 2014; 5:4

Randomised controlled trial of the effect of depth of anaesthesia on postoperative pain.
Law CJ, Jacobson GM, Kluger M, Chaddock M, Scott M, Sleigh JW.
BJA 2014; 112:675-680

Quadriceps arthrogenic muscle inhibition: the effects of experimental knee joint effusion on motor cortex excitability
Rice D, McNair P, Lewis G, Dalbeth N
Arthritis Research & Therapy 2014; 16(502):1

Chronic pain: we should not underestimate the contribution of neural plasticity.
Lewis GN, Rice DA.
Critical Reviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2014; 1-2:51-86

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing for preoperative assessment of surgical risk.
Kalinowski CPH.
Australasian Anaesthesia 2013; p.143-152

Monoclonal antibody therapy - Implications for anaesthesia, intensive care and pain medicine.
Nadarajah S, Kluger M, Chandran A.
Australasian Anaesthesia 2013; p.29-42

Multiorifice catheters are required to maximise the benefits of intermittent bolus continuous regional techniques.
Fredrickson MJ, Abeysekera A.
Anesthesiology 2012; 116:1154

Novel ultrasound-guided supra scapular nerve block.
Price D.
Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine 2012; 37:676-677

Randomised study of the effect of local anesthetic volume and concentration on the duration of the peripheral nerve blockade.
Fredrickson MJ, Abeysekera A, White R.
Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine 2012; 37:495-501

A single centre of outcomes from fractured neck of femur - a 5 year audit. (Abstract presented at 15th WFSA World Congress of Anaesthesiologists)
Soukhin E, Zhou L, Kluger M.
BJA 2012; 108(suppl 2):ii161

Blockade of the axillary nerve.
Price D.
Acta Anaes Scand 2011; 55:1029-1030

Patient-initiated mandatory boluses for ambulatory continuous interscalene analgesia: an effective strategy for optimising analgesia and minimising side-effects.
Fredrickson MJ, Abeysekera A, Price DJ, Wong AC.
BJA 2011; 106:239-245

Analgesic effectiveness of ropivacaine 0.2% vs 0.4% via an ultrasound-guided C5-6 root/superior trunk perineurial ambulatory catheter.
Fredrickson MJ, Price DJ.
BJA 2009; 103:434-439

Axillary (circumflex) nerve block used in association with suprascapular nerve block for the control of pain following total shoulder joint replacement.
Price DJ.
Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine 2008; 33:280-281

A lateral approach to the radial nerve.
Price D.
Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine 2008; 33:89

Inadequate pre-operative evaluation and preparation: a review of 197 reports from the Australian Incident Monitoring Study
Kluger MT, Tham EJ, Coleman NA, et al
Anaesthesia 2008; 55(12):1173-1178

Job satisfaction, stress and burnout in anaesthetic technicians in New Zealand.
Kluger MT, Bryant J.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2008; 36:214-221

Post caesarian delivery pain management: do not dismiss pethidine.
Parris-Piper T.
Int Journal of Obs Anesthesia 2008; 17:95-96

The shoulder block: a new alternative to interscalene brachial plexus blockade for the control of postoperative shoulder pain.
Price DJ.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2007; 35:575-581

BIS and Entropy in the elderly.
Arnold G, Kluger M, Voss L, Sleigh J.
Anaesthesia 2007; 62:907-912

Subcutaneous naloxone for the prevention of intrathecal morphine induced pruritus in elective Caesarean section delivery.
Lockington PF, Fa’aea P.
Anaesthesia 2007; 62:672-676

High thoracic epidural plus suprascapular nerve block analgesia for thoracoscapular fusion.
Price D.
Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine 2007; 32:541-542

Drug error in anaesthetic practice: a review of 896 reports from the Australian Incident Monitoring Study database.
Abeysekera A, Bergman IJ, Kluger MT, Short TG.
Anaesthesia 2005; 60:220-227

Bilateral brachial plexopathy following laparoscopic bariatric surgery.
Brunette KE, Hutchinson DO, Ismail H.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2005; 33:812-5

Datex entropy monitor and muscle relaxation.
Kluger MT, Findlow D.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2005; 33:687-688

Use of intrathecal neostigmine as an adjunct to other spinal medications in perioperative and peripartum analgesia: a meta-analysis.
Ho KM, Ismail H, Lee KC, Branch R.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2005; 33:41-53

The hormonal and inflammatory responses to pelvic reconstructive surgery following major trauma.
Nicholson G, Woodfine J, Bryant AE, Macdonald IA, Bircher MD, Grounds RM, Hall GM.
Injury 2005; 36:303-309

Crisis management during anaesthesia: the development of an anaesthetic crisis management manual.
Runciman WB, Kluger MT, Morris RW, Paix AD, Watterson LM, Webb RK.
BMJ Qual Saf Health Care 2005; 14:e1

Crisis management during anaesthesia: obstruction of the natural airway.
Visvanathan T, Kluger MT, Webb RK, Westhorpe RN.
BMJ Qual Saf Health Care 2005; 14:e2

Crisis management during anaesthesia: laryngospasm.
Visvanathan T, Kluger MT, Webb RK, Westhorpe RN.
BMJ Qual Saf Health Care 2005; 14:e3

Crisis management during anaesthesia: regurgitation, vomiting, and aspiration.
Kluger MT, Visvanathan T, Myburgh JA, Westhorpe RN.
BMJ Qual Saf Health Care 2005; 14:e4

Crisis management during anaesthesia: pulmonary oedema.
Chapman MJ, Myburgh JA, Kluger MT, Runciman WB.
BMJ Qual Saf Health Care 2005; 14:e8

Crisis management during anaesthesia: water intoxication.
Kluger MT, Szekely SM, Singleton RJ, Helps SC.
BMJ Qual Saf Health Care 2005; 14:e23

Withholding and withdrawal of therapy in New Zealand intensive care units (ICUs): a survey of clinical directors.
Ho KM, Liang J.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2004; 32:781-786

Fatal systemic air embolism during endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography.
Nayagam J, Ho KM, Liang J.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2004; 32:260-264

The management of patients with ischaemic heart disease undergoing non-cardiac elective surgery: a survey of Australian and New Zealand clinical practice.
Price DJ, Kluger MT, Fletcher T.
Anaesthesia 2004; 59:428-434

Risks reconsidered.
Ho KM, Ismail H.
Int Journal of Obs Anesthesia 2003; 12:141-142

Job satisfaction, stress and burnout in Australian specialist anaesthetists.
Kluger MT, Townend K, Laidlaw T.
Anaesthesia 2003; 58:339-345

Clinical predictors of acute renal replacement therapy in critical ill patients with acute renal impairment.
Ho KM, Walters S, Faulke D, Liang J.
Crit Care Resusc 2003; 5:97-102

Incident reporting in anaesthesia: a survey of practice in New Zealand.
Yong H, Kluger MT.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2003; 31:555-559

Use of intravenous tranexamic acid to reduce allogenic blood transfusion in total hip and knee arthroplasty: a meta-analysis.
Ho KM, Ismail H.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2003; 31:529-37

Withholding and withdrawal of therapy in patients with acute renal injury: a retrospective cohort study.
Ho KM, Liang J, Hughes T, O’Connor K, Faulke D.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2003; 31:509-513

Use of odds ratios on anaesthesia related studies.
Ho KM, Marshall RJ, Walters S.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2003; 31:392-395

Recovery room incidents: a review of 419 reports from the Anaesthetic Incident Monitoring Study (AIMS).
Kluger MT, Bullock MFM.
Anaesthesia 2002; 57:1060-1066

Awareness during general anaesthesia: a review of 81 cases from the Anaesthetic Incident Monitoring Study.
Bergman IJ, Kluger MT, Short TG.
Anaesthesia 2002; 57:549-556

Personality testing and profiling for anaesthetic job recruitment: attitudes of anaesthetic specialists/consultants in New Zealand and Scotland.
Kluger MT, Watson D, Laidlaw TM, Fletcher T.
Anaesthesia 2002; 57:116-122

Propofol anaesthesia via target controlled infusion or manual controlled infusion: effects on the bispectral index as a measure of anaesthetic depth.
Gale T, Leslie K, Kluger M.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2001; 29:579-584

The bispectral index during an anaphylactic circulatory arrest.
Kluger MT.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2001; 29:544-547

Effect of bolus dose of remifentanil on haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation.
Barclay K. Kluger MT.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2000; 28:403-407

Inadequate pre-operative evaluation and preparation: a review of 197 reports from the Australian Incident Monitoring Study.
Kluger MT, Tham EJ, Coleman NA, Runciman WB, Bullock MFM.
Anaesthesia 2000; 55:1173-1178

The relationship between change in blood pressure, blood pressure and time.
Harrison MJ, Kluger MT, Robertson NN.
Anaesthesia 2000; 55: 385-387

Personality traits of anaesthetists and physicians: an evaluation using the Cloninger Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-125).
Kluger MT, Laidlaw TM, Kruger N, Harrison MJ.
Anaesthesia 1999; 54:926-935

Personality profiles of Australian anaesthetists.
Kluger MT, Laidlaw T, Khursandi DS.
Anaesth Intensive Care 1999; 27:282-286

Anaesthesia assistants: their role in the development and resolution of anaesthetic incidents.
Kluger MT, Bukofzer M, Bullock M.
Anaesth Intensive Care 1999; 27:269-274

Aspiration during anaesthesia: a review of 133 cases from the Australian Anaesthetic Incident Monitoring Study (AIMS).
Kluger MT, Short TG.
Anaesthesia 1999; 54:19-36

Prospective, multi-centre trial of mortality following general or spinal anaesthesia for hip fracture surgery in the elderly.
Davis FM, Woolner DF, Frampton C, Wilkinson A, Grant A, Harrison RT, Roberts MTS, Thadaka R.
British Journal of Anaesthesia 1987; 59:1080-1088